Our pets have started to live longer healthier lives through preventative medicine such as regular vet visits, vaccines, proper diet and brushing our pets teeth.
Our pets rarely cooperate when it comes to handling their mouths. The teeth should be white and should not have tartar buildup. Therefore we recommend to bring your pets to City Petcare Animal Hospital in the Newton Surrey area for a full dental check up once a year.
Dr. Bassi recommends to start dental on cats and dogs when they are small, so they grow accustomed to having their teeth brushed. The most efficient way is to use a toothbrush and toothpaste specially designed for your pets needs. at City Petcare hospital in the Newton surrey area we have a variety of dental products that we can recommend to help you maintain your fur baby smile looking its best. Your pet's teeth should be brushed several times a week to remove plaque and prevent tartar buildup and periodontal disease from occurring . Our trained staff will help you get started with the right products, techniques and answer any questions when you visit our clinic.
Plaque: Our pets rarely get cavities, but they are much more prone to gum disease and excess tartar build-up on the teeth. Food particles and bacteria collect along the gum-line forming plaque. Plaque is usually a pale yellow, that develops naturally on the teeth. Like any biofilm, dental plaque is formed by colonizing bacteria trying to attach themselves to the tooth’s smooth surface routine home care such as brushing, special diets and treats along with routine dental exams by your veterinarian can help remove this plaque.
Tartar: If plaque is not removed, minerals in the saliva combine with the plaque and form tartar which adheres very strongly to the teeth. Plaque starts to mineralize 3-5 days after it forms. The tartar has formed and it starts to irritate the gums, causing inflammation known as Gingivitis. This can be seen as reddening of the gums adjacent to the teeth. It also causes bad breath. At this point Dr. Bassi would remove the tartar from the teeth by scaling and polishing with , and then afterwards polish the teeth.
Periodontal Disease:If the tartar is not removed, it starts to build up under the gums. It separates the gums from the teeth and form “pockets” this encourages even more bacterial growth. At this point the damage becomes irreversible, and called “periodontal” disease. It can be very painful and can lead to loose teeth, abscesses, and bone loss or infection. As it progresses, the bacteria is swallowed and may start to cause infection of the heart valves,liver, and kidneys. It can even enter the bloodstream. If treated with special instruments and procedures, this can be slowed or stopped depending on the grade of tooth damage some teeth may have to be extracted to prevent this disease from worsening and elevate the pain it is causing your pet.
When performing dental oral hygiene at home it is important to start young before tartar has had the chance to adhere to the teeth. Brushing will remove plaque but not tartar. So if your pet's teeth have tartar, it is necessary for your veterinarian to remove it and polish the teeth and after continue with routine brushing and any other recommendations by the Doctor. At City Petcare Animal Hospital we have been offering dental services to the Surrey,Newton and surrounding area since 2008.